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Boxwood Evergreen: The Ultimate Guide to Growing and Caring for These Versatile Shrubs

boxwood evergreen

When it comes to landscaping and gardening, boxwood evergreens are a classic choice. They're versatile, easy to care for, and can be shaped into a variety of forms. In this ultimate guide, we'll cover everything you need to know about growing and caring for boxwood evergreens.

What are Boxwood Evergreens?

Boxwood evergreens are a type of shrub that belongs to the Buxus genus. They're native to Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America and are known for their dense foliage and small, glossy leaves. Boxwood shrubs come in a variety of shapes and sizes, from tiny dwarf varieties to large hedges that can reach up to 20 feet tall.

Choosing the Right Variety

Before you growing boxwood evergreens, it's important to choose the right variety for your needs. Some popular varieties include:

1. English Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa')

This is one of the most popular boxwood varieties, thanks to its slow growth rate and small size. English boxwood is perfect for creating formal gardens, parterres, and knot gardens.

2. American Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens 'Arborescens')

This variety is native to North America and is more cold-hardy than other boxwood varieties. American boxwood is a good choice for gardeners who live in colder climates.

3. Japanese Boxwood (Buxus microphylla var. japonica)

This variety has a smaller leaf size than other boxwood varieties and is perfect for creating topiaries and small hedges.

Planting and Care

Once you've chosen the right variety of boxwood evergreen, it's time to planting and caring for your shrubs. Here are some tips:

1. Choose the Right Location

Boxwood evergreens prefer partially shaded areas with well-draining soil. Avoid planting them in areas that receive full sun, as this can cause the leaves to scorch.

2. Water Regularly

Boxwood evergreens require regular watering, especially during hot and dry weather. Make sure to water your shrubs deeply at least once a week.

3. Fertilize Annually

To keep your boxwood evergreens healthy and green, fertilize them annually in the spring. Use a slow-release fertilizer that's specifically designed for boxwood shrubs.

4. Prune Regularly

Boxwood evergreens can be pruned into a variety of shapes and sizes, but they require regular pruning to maintain their form. Prune your shrubs in late winter or early spring before new growth s.

5. Watch for Pests and Diseases

Boxwood evergreens are susceptible to a variety of pests and diseases, including boxwood blight, leafminer, and spider mites. Keep an eye out for any signs of damage and treat accordingly.

Shaping Your Boxwood Evergreens

One of the best things about boxwood evergreens is their versatility. They can be shaped into a variety of forms, from simple spheres to complex topiaries. Here are some popular boxwood shapes:

1. Spheres

Spherical boxwood evergreens are some of the easiest shapes to create. Simply trim your shrubs into a ball shape, making sure to remove any dead or damaged branches.

2. Cones

Boxwood cones are perfect for adding height to your garden. by shaping your shrub into a cone shape, then trim the sides and top to maintain the shape.

3. Topiaries

Boxwood topiaries are some of the most complex shapes you can create. They require a lot of patience and skill, but the end result is worth it. Popular topiary shapes include animals, geometric shapes, and spirals.


1. How often should I water my boxwood shrubs?

You should water your boxwood shrubs deeply at least once a week, especially during hot and dry weather.

2. Can boxwood shrubs be grown in containers?

Yes, boxwood shrubs can be grown in containers, as long as the container is large enough to accommodate their roots.

3. How do I treat boxwood blight?

Boxwood blight can be treated with fungicides and by removing any infected branches or leaves.

4. When is the best time to prune boxwood shrubs?

The best time to prune boxwood shrubs is in late winter or early spring before new growth s.

5. How tall can boxwood shrubs grow?

Boxwood shrubs can grow up to 20 feet tall, depending on the variety.

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