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Companion Plants for Strawberry Plants: Boosting Growth and Flavor

companion plants for strawberry plants

Strawberry plants are a popular choice for gardeners looking to add a sweet, juicy fruit to their harvest. However, growing strawberries can be challenging if you don't have the right companion plants. Companion planting is a technique where plants are grown together to enhance growth and reduce pest problems. In this article, we'll explore some of the best companion plants for strawberry plants and how they can help improve your yield.

Why Companion Planting Matters for Strawberries

Companion planting is an effective way to enhance the growth and flavor of strawberries. By planting certain plants alongside strawberries, you can improve soil quality, control pests and diseases, and boost overall plant health. Here are some key reasons why companion planting matters for strawberries:

Improves Soil Quality

Strawberries prefer moist, well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. However, these plants are heavy feeders and require a nutrient-rich soil to thrive. By planting nitrogen-fixing plants like legumes, you can add nitrogen to the soil and improve its quality. This will help your strawberry plants grow better and produce bigger, juicier fruits.

Controls Pests and Diseases

One of the biggest challenges when growing strawberries is controlling pests and diseases. By planting companion plants like marigolds, basil, or chives, you can help keep harmful insects and fungi at bay. These plants release natural compounds that repel pests and attract beneficial insects like ladybugs, which eat aphids.

Boosts Overall Plant Health

Companion planting can also help boost the overall health of your strawberry plants. When you plant certain herbs like chamomile or yarrow, they release essential oils that help improve soil structure and promote healthy root growth. This leads to stronger, more resilient plants that are better able to withstand environmental stressors like drought or extreme temperatures.

The Best Companion Plants for Strawberry Plants

Now that you understand why companion planting is important for strawberries, let's take a look at some of the best companion plants you can grow alongside them:

1. Beans

Beans are nitrogen-fixing plants that can help fertilize the soil around your strawberries. They're also great at suppressing weeds and attracting beneficial insects like bees and butterflies. Be sure to plant beans in the same bed as your strawberries, but make sure they're not too close together as beans can grow quite tall and may shade out your strawberries.

2. Borage

Borage is a herbaceous annual that attracts pollinators like bees and butterflies. It also repels pests like tomato hornworms and cabbage worms, which can damage your strawberry plants. Additionally, borage adds trace minerals to the soil, which can help improve overall plant health.

3. Chives

Chives are a perennial herb that has natural insecticidal properties. They repel aphids, slugs, and other harmful insects that can damage your strawberry plants. Chives also add sulfur to the soil, which helps keep fungal diseases at bay.

4. Garlic

Garlic is another natural insect repellent that can help protect your strawberries from pests like spider mites and whiteflies. It also has antifungal properties that can help prevent diseases like botrytis and powdery mildew.

5. Marigolds

Marigolds are a popular companion plant for strawberries because they repel nematodes, which can damage the roots of your plants. They also attract beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings, which eat aphids, mites, and other harmful pests.

6. Nasturtiums

Nasturtiums are a colorful annual that attracts pollinators and repels pests like aphids, whiteflies, and cucumber beetles. They also add trace minerals to the soil, which can help improve overall plant health.

7. Rosemary

Rosemary is a fragrant herb that repels pests like cabbage moths and bean beetles. It also has antifungal properties that can help prevent diseases like powdery mildew and verticillium wilt.

8. Sage

Sage is another fragrant herb that can help protect your strawberry plants from pests and diseases. It repels cabbage moths, carrot flies, and bean beetles, and has antifungal properties that can help prevent powdery mildew.

9. Spinach

Spinach is a nutrient-rich leafy green that can help improve soil quality around your strawberries. It's also great at suppressing weeds and attracting beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings.

10. Thyme

Thyme is a fragrant herb that repels pests like cabbage worms, slugs, and snails. It also has antifungal properties that can help prevent diseases like botrytis and powdery mildew.

Additional Tips for Companion Planting with Strawberries

Here are some additional tips to keep in mind when companion planting with strawberries:

1. Choose plants that have similar growing conditions as strawberries.

Make sure the companion plants you choose have similar light, water, and soil requirements as your strawberry plants.

2. Plant companion plants at the same time as strawberries.

To maximize the benefits of companion planting, it's best to plant your companion plants at the same time as your strawberries so they can grow together.

3. Rotate your crops each year.

To prevent disease and pest buildup, it's important to rotate your crops each year. This means planting strawberries in a different spot in your garden and choosing different companion plants each season.

4. Use companion planting in combination with other organic gardening techniques.

Companion planting works best when used in combination with other organic gardening techniques like crop rotation, mulching, and composting.

FAQs

1. Can I plant strawberries with tomatoes?

No, it's not recommended to plant strawberries with tomatoes because they are both susceptible to verticillium wilt, a fungal disease that can kill plants.

2. Can I plant strawberries with cucumbers?

Yes, you can plant strawberries with cucumbers. Cucumbers are a good companion plant for strawberries because they attract beneficial insects like bees and ladybugs.

3. Do strawberries need companion plants to grow?

No, strawberries don't necessarily need companion plants to grow, but they can benefit from them in many ways, including improved soil quality and pest control.

4. How close should I plant companion plants to strawberries?

It's best to plant companion plants within 12-18 inches of your strawberry plants to ensure they receive adequate sunlight and nutrients.

5. Are there any plants I should avoid planting with strawberries?

Yes, it's best to avoid planting strawberries with plants like peppers and eggplants, as they are susceptible to the same pests and diseases as strawberries.


Companion planting is an effective way to enhance the growth and flavor of your strawberry plants. By planting certain plants alongside strawberries, you can improve soil quality, control pests and diseases, and boost overall plant health. Choose companion plants that have similar growing conditions as strawberries and rotate your crops each year to prevent disease buildup. With the right companion plants, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of sweet, juicy strawberries all season long!

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