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Companion Plants for Cucumbers: The Ultimate Guide

good companion plants for cucumbers

Cucumbers are a popular vegetable among home gardeners, but did you know that they can benefit from being planted alongside certain other plants? Companion planting is the practice of growing different plants together in a mutually beneficial way. In this guide, we'll explore some of the best companion plants for cucumbers and how they can help your cucumber plants thrive.

Good Companion Plants for Cucumbers

1. Beans

Beans and cucumbers make great companions because they have similar growing needs. Beans fix nitrogen in the soil, which benefits the cucumbers' growth. Cucumber plants also provide a natural trellis for the climbing beans. Plant bush beans with cucumbers in raised beds or containers, or pole beans if you have more space available.

How to plant:

Plant beans after cucumbers have been in the ground for a couple of weeks so that they do not outcompete each other. Sow seeds directly into the soil, leaving enough room between plants to allow for growth.

2. Radishes

Radishes are a fast-growing crop that can be harvested quickly. They can be planted in between rows of cucumber plants to help repel cucumber beetles and other pests. Additionally, radishes help break up compacted soil, allowing water and nutrients to reach the roots of the cucumber plants.

How to plant:

Sow radish seeds directly into the soil around the base of the cucumber plants. Make sure there is enough space between the plants to allow for growth.

3. Corn

Corn and cucumbers make great companions because they have different nutrient needs. Corn is a heavy feeder that requires a lot of nitrogen, while cucumbers are light feeders. When grown together, corn provides shade for the cucumber plants and helps retain moisture in the soil.

How to plant:

Plant corn and cucumbers together in raised beds or containers. Plant the corn first, leaving enough space between rows to allow room for the cucumber plants. Once the corn has grown to about knee-high, plant the cucumber seeds at the base of the corn plants.

4. Marigolds

Marigolds are a popular companion plant for cucumbers because they help repel pests and attract beneficial insects such as ladybugs and lacewings. They also add a pop of color to your garden!

How to plant:

Plant marigold seeds directly into the soil around the base of the cucumber plants. Make sure there is enough space between the plants to allow for growth.

5. Dill

Dill is a natural repellent for cucumber beetles and can help protect your cucumber plants from pests. Additionally, dill attracts beneficial insects such as ladybugs and hoverflies, which prey on harmful insects like aphids and spider mites.

How to plant:

Sow dill seeds directly into the soil around the base of the cucumber plants. Make sure there is enough space between the plants to allow for growth.

6. Nasturtiums

Nasturtiums are another great companion plant for cucumbers. They help repel pests and attract beneficial insects like pollinators and hoverflies. Additionally, nasturtiums are edible and can be added to salads for a peppery taste.

How to plant:

Plant nasturtium seeds directly into the soil around the base of the cucumber plants. Make sure there is enough space between the plants to allow for growth.

7. Peas

Peas and cucumbers make great companions because they have similar growing needs. Peas fix nitrogen in the soil, which benefits the cucumbers' growth. Cucumber plants also provide a natural trellis for the climbing peas. Plant bush peas with cucumbers in raised beds or containers, or pole peas if you have more space available.

How to plant:

Plant peas after cucumbers have been in the ground for a couple of weeks so that they do not outcompete each other. Sow seeds directly into the soil, leaving enough room between plants to allow for growth.

8. Sunflowers

Sunflowers are a great companion plant for cucumbers because they provide shade and support for the cucumber plants. Additionally, sunflowers attract beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings.

How to plant:

Plant sunflower seeds around the perimeter of your cucumber patch, leaving enough space between the plants to allow for growth.

9. Lettuce

Lettuce and cucumbers make great companions because they have similar growing needs. Lettuce provides shade for the cucumber plants and helps retain moisture in the soil.

How to plant:

Plant lettuce seeds around the perimeter of your cucumber patch, leaving enough space between the plants to allow for growth.

10. Carrots

Carrots and cucumbers make great companions because they have different root depths. Carrots grow deep roots, which help break up compacted soil and allow water and nutrients to reach the cucumber plants.

How to plant:

Plant carrot seeds in between rows of cucumber plants, making sure there is enough space between the plants to allow for growth.

11. Onions

Onions are a natural repellent for pests like aphids and spider mites. Additionally, onions help to repel cucumber beetles.

How to plant:

Plant onion sets around the perimeter of your cucumber patch or in between rows of cucumber plants.

12. Garlic

Garlic is another natural repellent for pests like aphids and spider mites. It also helps to repel cucumber beetles.

How to plant:

Plant garlic cloves around the perimeter of your cucumber patch or in between rows of cucumber plants.

13. Sage

Sage is a natural repellent for pests like cabbage moths and flea beetles. Additionally, sage attracts beneficial insects like bees and butterflies.

How to plant:

Plant sage around the perimeter of your cucumber patch or in between rows of cucumber plants.

14. Borage

Borage is a natural attractant for pollinators like bees and butterflies. Additionally, borage helps repel pests like tomato hornworms and cabbage worms.

How to plant:

Plant borage around the perimeter of your cucumber patch or in between rows of cucumber plants.

15. Chamomile

Chamomile is a natural attractant for beneficial insects like ladybugs and hoverflies. Additionally, chamomile helps to repel pests like aphids and spider mites.

How to plant:

Plant chamomile around the perimeter of your cucumber patch or in between rows of cucumber plants.

Companion planting is a great way to get the most out of your garden. By planting certain plants together, you can help your cucumber plants thrive and reduce the risk of pests and diseases. Try experimenting with different companion plants to see what works best for your garden.

FAQs

Q1. Can cucumbers be planted near tomatoes?

A1. While it is possible to plant cucumbers near tomatoes, it is generally not recommended. Both plants are heavy feeders and may compete for nutrients in the soil. Additionally, tomatoes are susceptible to some of the same pests as cucumbers, such as cucumber beetles.

Q2. Can I grow cucumbers and zucchini together?

A2. Yes, cucumbers and zucchini can be grown together. However, make sure to give them enough space to allow for growth and avoid overcrowding.

Q3. What are some other natural pest control options for cucumbers?

A3. In addition to companion planting, you can try using insecticidal soap or neem oil to control pests. You can also handpick pests off of your plants and dispose of them.

Q4. Can I plant cucumbers and peppers together?

A4. Yes, cucumbers and peppers can be grown together. However, make sure to give them enough space to allow for growth and avoid overcrowding.

Q5. What should I do if my cucumber plants to wilt?

A5. Wilting can be a sign of overwatering or underwatering, so make sure to check the soil moisture level. Additionally, wilting can be a sign of a disease or pest infestation, so inspect your plants for any signs of damage.

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