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Maximizing Your Garden Yield: Companion Planting with Brussel Sprouts

companion planting with brussel sprouts

What is Companion Planting?

Companion planting is the practice of growing different plants together in order to create a mutually beneficial environment. This technique has been used for centuries by farmers and gardeners alike, and it has proven to be an effective way to improve soil health, repel pests, and increase yield.

Companion Planting with Brussel Sprouts

Brussel sprouts are a nutritious vegetable that can provide a great addition to any garden. They are rich in vitamins and minerals, and they are also known for their cancer-fighting properties. By incorporating companion plants into your brussel sprout garden, you can maximize your yield and improve overall plant health.

15 Companion Plants for Brussel Sprouts

1. Garlic

Garlic is a natural pest deterrent that can help keep aphids and other harmful insects away from your brussel sprouts. Plant garlic bulbs around the perimeter of your garden or interspersed with your brussel sprout plants.

How to Plant Garlic

To plant garlic, separate the cloves from the bulb and plant them in well-drained soil. Each clove should be planted about 2 inches deep and 6 inches apart. Garlic should be planted in the fall for a summer harvest.

2. Dill

Dill is another natural pest repellent that can help keep aphids and caterpillars away from your brussel sprouts. Its delicate leaves and flowers also attract beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings.

How to Plant Dill

Dill can be planted directly in the ground from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and it should be spaced about 12 inches apart.

3. Nasturtiums

Nasturtiums are a great companion plant for brussel sprouts because they attract beneficial insects like bees and butterflies while repelling harmful pests like aphids and whiteflies.

How to Plant Nasturtiums

Nasturtiums can be planted from seed or transplanted as seedlings. They prefer well-drained soil and full sun, and they should be spaced about 10 inches apart.

4. Marigolds

Marigolds are another natural pest repellent that can help keep harmful insects away from your brussel sprouts. They are also known for their ability to improve soil health by releasing chemicals that suppress harmful nematodes.

How to Plant Marigolds

Marigolds can be planted from seed or transplanted as seedlings. They prefer well-drained soil and full sun, and they should be spaced about 8-12 inches apart.

5. Borage

Borage is an edible herb that attracts beneficial insects like bees and wasps while repelling harmful pests like tomato hornworms and cabbage moths.

How to Plant Borage

Borage can be planted from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and it should be spaced about 12 inches apart.

6. Chamomile

Chamomile is an herb that attracts beneficial insects like hoverflies and lacewings while repelling harmful pests like aphids and cabbage moths. It also has a calming effect on the soil, which can improve overall plant health.

How to Plant Chamomile

Chamomile can be planted from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and it should be spaced about 12 inches apart.

7. Sage

Sage is an herb that repels harmful insects like cabbage moths and carrot flies while attracting beneficial insects like bees and butterflies. Its strong scent can also help mask the smell of brussel sprouts, making them less attractive to pests.

How to Plant Sage

Sage can be planted from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and it should be spaced about 18 inches apart.

8. Thyme

Thyme is an herb that repels harmful insects like cabbage looper caterpillars and flea beetles while attracting beneficial insects like bees and butterflies. Its strong scent can also help mask the smell of brussel sprouts, making them less attractive to pests.

How to Plant Thyme

Thyme can be planted from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and it should be spaced about 12 inches apart.

9. Mint

Mint is an herb that repels harmful insects like ants and cabbage moths while attracting beneficial insects like bees and butterflies. Its strong scent can also help mask the smell of brussel sprouts, making them less attractive to pests.

How to Plant Mint

Mint can be planted from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and partial shade, and it should be spaced about 18 inches apart.

10. Yarrow

Yarrow is an herb that attracts beneficial insects like ladybugs and hoverflies while repelling harmful pests like aphids and spider mites. Its delicate flowers also add a pop of color to your garden.

How to Plant Yarrow

Yarrow can be planted from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and it should be spaced about 12 inches apart.

11. Fennel

Fennel is an herb that attracts beneficial insects like lacewings and ladybugs while repelling harmful pests like slugs and snails. Its delicate fronds also add a unique flavor to your cooking.

How to Plant Fennel

Fennel can be planted from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and it should be spaced about 12 inches apart.

12. Calendula

Calendula is a flower that attracts beneficial insects like bees and butterflies while repelling harmful pests like whiteflies and tomato hornworms. Its bright petals also add a pop of color to your garden.

How to Plant Calendula

Calendula can be planted from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and full sun, and it should be spaced about 10-12 inches apart.

13. Radishes

Radishes are a root vegetable that can help break up compacted soil, making it easier for your brussel sprouts to grow. They are also known for their ability to repel harmful pests like cabbage moths and cucumber beetles.

How to Plant Radishes

Radishes can be planted directly in the ground from seed. They prefer well-drained soil and full sun, and they should be spaced about 2 inches apart.

14. Spinach

Spinach is a leafy green vegetable that can help improve soil health by releasing nitrogen into the soil. It is also known for its ability to repel harmful pests like aphids and whiteflies.

How to Plant Spinach

Spinach can be planted directly in the ground from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and partial shade, and it should be spaced about 6-8 inches apart.

15. Lettuce

Lettuce is another leafy green vegetable that can help improve soil health by releasing nitrogen into the soil. It is also known for its ability to repel harmful pests like slugs and snails.

How to Plant Lettuce

Lettuce can be planted directly in the ground from seed or transplanted as seedlings. It prefers well-drained soil and partial shade, and it should be spaced about 6-8 inches apart.

FAQs

Q1: What are some other vegetables that I can companion plant with brussel sprouts?

A1: Some other vegetables that make great companion plants for brussel sprouts include broccoli, cauliflower, kale, and cabbage.

Q2: Can I companion plant with herbs other than the ones listed above?

A2: Absolutely! There are many other herbs that make great companion plants for brussel sprouts, including rosemary, oregano, and parsley.

Q3: Do I need to plant all of these companion plants in my garden?

A3: No, you don't need to plant all of these companion plants in your garden. Pick and choose the ones that work best for you and your specific gardening needs.

Q4: How do I know if my brussel sprouts are being affected by pests?

A4: Look for signs of damage on the leaves and stems of your brussel sprout plants, as well as any unusual discoloration or wilting. You may also notice holes or bite marks on the leaves.

Q5: Can I use chemical pesticides on my brussel sprout plants?

A5: While chemical pesticides can be effective, they can also harm beneficial insects and pollinators. It's best to try natural pest control methods first, like companion planting and handpicking pests off of your plants.

Companion planting with brussel sprouts is a great way to maximize your garden yield while improving overall plant health. By incorporating natural pest repellents and other beneficial plants into your garden, you can create a thriving ecosystem that will help your brussel sprouts thrive.

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